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Introduction

Cubans deported to Ceuta

Deaths in Ceuta

Search Form

Notes

Instructions for Search Form

Data Base of Prisoners and Deportees During the War of Independence (1895-1898)

 

 

Introduction

This data base represents a compilation of some meager records that exist about prisoners and deportess during the Cuban War of Independence, arranged in a manner that facilitates searching by their surnames.

The data base includes the names that appear in the lists at the back of the book Prisioneros y Deportados Cubanos 1895-1898 en la Guerra de Independencia [Cuban Prisoners and Deportees 1895-1898 during the War of Independence], by Pablo de la Concepción y Hernández, Sargeant of the Fifth Corps of the Mambi Army and prisoner at the Castle of Acho, written during 1898-1908 and published in April 1932 by the Imprenta P. Fernandez, Habana. This book is a detailed first hand narrative of the daily life and tribulations of the prisoners at Acho. The author of the book has the following comment:

In addition to the prisoners and deportess that appear in the three preceding lists, there were many others sacrificed in the cause of Liberty, having been made prisoners or arrested by government edict. Many were shot by firing squad without due process, by Heads of columns during operations or in military fortresses after falling prisoners.

Many were the number of individuals shot before a firing squad in all the towns and military prisons, by sentence of the Summary War Councils.

In the Isle of Pines and jails in Spain, hundreds of patriots sufferd the bitterness of deportation, without being subject to firm sentences, and many of them died in the place to where they were deported.

In the jails of Cuba, many remained arrested by government decree, until they were pardoned, like the deportess to Ceuta, Chafarinas and the Isle de Pines, when Capitán General Don Ramón Blanco took charge of the Government of Cuba.

Compiling the names of all the individuals that were shot, deported and detained by reson of the war is an extremely ardous task, that the author of this narratives believes is more properly left to the historian who, in his day, will have the resources that the Republic will place in his hands.

The list of names of cuban prisoners which appear in the appendix to the aforementioned book was previously posted on the web by hildabp. This list can be reached through the following link:

http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Metro/7857/prisioneros.html

 

The data base also includes the valuable contribution of Margarita Garcia-Estévez, PhD, who has kindly made available to us a list of 271 cubans who were deported to Spain and were prisoners in Cataluña during the War of Independence. Margarita has provided us with the following explanatory note:

Enclosed is a file with the names of 271 cubans who were deported to Spain and remained prisoners at the castle of Sant Ferrán de Figueras, province of Gerona, in Cataluña. I was able to obtain these names and other data in a manuscript (without a visible author), written probably in 2001, which is in the Municipal Archive at Figueras, which I visited recently.

In the manuscript, they refer to these cubans as "ñáñigos" (persons native of Africa), and, when I asked a local historian, in surprise, if the Spaniards had made a round-up of ñáñigos in Cuba to deport them, he told me that these prisoners were probably in reality not real ñáñigos, but mostly black or mulato cuban combatants, and they simply called ñáñigos all cubans.

The facts are that on 30 November 1896 the work of preparation of one part of the food storage area of the castle to hold these prisoners was completed and they soon started arriving. On 1 Jaunary 1898 a census was taken where the enclosed names appear. It also states that the ages of the prisoners ranged between 17 and 89 years, and that many had died due to the change in climate (Figueras can be very cold).

 

Because of the paucity of existing records, we invite our readers to contribute any other names that they know, through family or other records, of individuals who were prisoners or deportees during the Cuban War of Independence that so we can preserve their memory by adding them to the data base. Please be sure to supply all relevant information.

 

Cubans Deported to Ceuta

A series of articles about Cubans deported to Ceuta have been published weekly by Francisco Sanchez Montoya. Here, with his permission, is a link to his articles:

 

Census of Deaths in Ceuta

Emilio Barranco, resident of Ceuta, has made a notable compilation of the records of Cubans who died while they were interned in the penal colony of Ceuta during the Cuban wars of liberation. He has made this detailed census available, acompanied by more than 300 photographs of the original inscriptions of these deaths in the records of the church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios in Ceuta.

 

Search Form

To view the data base of prisoners please first read the instructions below and then go to the Search Form by clicking on the following button:

Search Form

 

Notes

1. Abbreviations used in the data base:

Prisons
Prison
Description
Acho (Ceuta) Castle of Acho in Ceuta, a Spanish possession in North Africa, near Morocco.
Chafarinas Chafarinas Islands (a small archipielago near the coast of Morocco)
Cadiz City in the South coast of Spain
Madrid Capital of Spain
Figueras Castle of Sant Ferrán de Figueras, province of Gerona, in Cataluña, Spain

 

Types of Prisoners
Legend
Description
PG Prisoner of War (Prisionero de Guerra)
D Political Deportee ( Deportado Político)

 

Sources
Legend
Description
PCH Pablo de la Concepción Hernández
MGE Margarita Garcia-Estévez

 

2. The author of the book says the following, regarding the list of prisoners in Acho:

There are 7 names missing corresponding to this province (Santa Clara) and 4 from Camaguey province, due to the regrettable loss of a fragment of the list.

3. We have tried to incorporate the list of deaths at the hospital in Ceuta to the list of prisoners in Acho. Some names in the death list, however, do not appear in the list of prisoners in Acho (they could be some of the missing names mentioned in the previous note). These names have been added to the data base wihtout a reference number. In a few instances, there are two individuals in the list of prisoneers with the same name as a deceased prisoner. In these cases we have put the death date on both individuals with a question mark (?) and have added an expanatory note.

4. In the list of prisoners in Acho, 4 individuals, native of Matanzas, are listed only by their first names, without surname.

5. Note that there are several famous names in the history of Cuba that appear on the list, such as Juan Gualberto Gomez and Emilio Bacardi.

 

Instructions for using the search form:

To facilitate printing of the results we have separated the search form from the instructions. Please read the following instructions before you attempt to use the form. You can then proceed to the Search Form.

NOTE: To see the data base, it is necessary that you activate JAVA in your browser

  1. Wait until names appear on the grid - this can take a few seconds.

  2. The names will appear in alphabetical order of "1st Surname".

  3. All accents have been removed to facilitate searching.

  4. Use the scroll bar on the right to scroll up or down through the list.

  5. Click the "Page Up" or "Page Down" buttons to see the previous or next page of the list.

  6. Click any of the buttons at the head of each column to sort the information by the contents of that column. Clicking again will reverse the order of the sort.

  7. To search for a particular surname:

    • Write the first letters or complete last name in the box above the column titled "1st Surname" or "2nd Surname" (to search by maternal surname). You can use the standard wildcards "?" (meaning any letter) and "*" (meaning any sequence of letters). Put the initial letter in caps. Do not use accents, but do use the letter "ñ" if applicable.

    • Click on the "Search" button. (the box at the extreme upper left of the grid). The box directly under this button will tell you the number of entries found by your search criteria.

    • You can also search for the maternal surname in the column "2nd Surname". You can also search the contents of any of the other columns.

    • Click the "Clear Form" button to clear the grid in preparation for a new search (this does not erase the database, only clears the form).

    • Click the "List All" button to see all the entries in the file.

  8. When you find the name you are looking for, click the button marked "Details" at the extreme left of the line where the name appears. This will take you to a page showing alll the details on that individual present in the data base. See the Notes section above for the meaning of the abbreviations used in the data base. To return to the original page, click the button marked "Search".

  9. If you want to print the data, we recommend you use the "landscape" mode.

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Prisoners of the War of Independence - Updated 22-Jul-2009

Copyright © 2007-2010 - Ed Elizondo
All Rights Reserved - Todos los Derechos Reservados

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